Stamps from Norway:  Special Stamps from Svalbard, Geiranger and Flåmsbanen

 

Tourist stamps from:

Svalbard, Geiranger and Flåm Railway 

Svalbard

Svalbard is a large group of islands situated in the Arctic Ocean up towards 81°N and 1000 km from the North Pole. Most of the land mass is covered with inland ice, several hundred metres thick in places.

 

Spitzbergen, the largest of the islands, was discovered by Dutch seafarers led by Willem Barents in 1596. Prior to the first world war, Svalbard was regarded as ownerless land, but in 1920 sovereignty was given to Norway under the Treaty of Spitzbergen.

 

Svalbard has been a popular tourist attraction since the middle of the 19th century, initially for the English aristocracy and later for organised groups. Tourism plays a major role in Svalbard’s economy today. Everyone comes in the hope of seeing a polar bear, one of the world’s largest land predators. They are dangerous animals, as most people know, but that makes an encounter all the more exciting.

Geiranger

Geiranger – with its mountain farms perched high on the steep slopes, narrow green strips along the shore, small houses clustering round ferry quays, corkscrew roads climbing up the mountain sides and hotels trying to follow suit – is one of the most scenic areas in the west of Norway and one of Norway’s greatest tourist magnets.
Snowy white streams cascade down the rock faces and widen into waterfalls.
The best known are the Seven Sisters and the Bride’s Veil.
The Pulpit Rock on the south side of the Geiranger Fjord is one of the ‘airiest’ lookout points imaginable.

   

The Flåm Railway

The Flåm Railway Line between Flåm (at the head of the Aurland Fjord) and Myrdal (on the Bergen Line) is one of the most beautiful and most spectacular in the world. The scenery along the 20 km stretch is wild and magnificent.

 

The Flåm Line is one of the world’s steepest standard gauge railway lines. The average gradient on 80% of the line is one in eighteen (5.5%). The spiral tunnel, through which the railway climbs in and out of the cliff face, is a daring feat of engineering.
 
Started in 1920, work on the railway line took twenty years to complete. Only two of twenty tunnels totalling six kilometres were bored mechanically. The remainder were excavated by manual means. At the most, 220 men worked on the railway line.

 
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